Increase your chances of conception with IUI
What is IUI?
Sometimes, the acronym “IUI” is used to refer to this type of insemination. It is also known as “donor insemination,” alternative insemination “or” artificial insemination. Intrauterine insemination involves putting sperm directly into the uterus while you are ovulating, which helps sperm to get closer to the ovum. This reduces the time and distance that the sperm should travel, which facilitates fertilization of the ovule.
Before undergoing the insemination procedure, you may take fertility medications that stimulate ovulation. The semen of your partner or a donor is collected. Further, the semen goes through a process called “sperm washing” that collects a concentrated amount of healthy sperm from the semen.
Next, the doctor places the sperm directly into the uterus. Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilizes an egg, and the fertilized egg is implanted in the lining of the uterus.
Artificial insemination is the oldest technique for medically assisted procreation. Intrauterine insemination is simple in principle and increases your chances of getting pregnant. Contact us below, to learn more about growing your family with IUI treatment at Eden Fertility Centers (Newport Beach, Fullerton ) in Orange County CA.
IUI Process and Procedures
By definition, artificial insemination is an assisted reproduction technique that involves introducing sperm, whether from the spouse or a donor, into the woman’s uterus. This practice is done through the control of female ovulation through hormonal medication, to increase the chances of pregnancy.
It is a simple procedure that does not require surgical equipment, anesthesia or any type of hospital element, as it can be performed in the same consultation of infertility experts in Eden Fertility Centers.
The best time for insemination is immediately before ovulation, which usually takes place between 36 and 48 hours after the administration of hCG, so, in the case of a single insemination per cycle, it takes place exactly 36 hours after the injection.
Cervical mucus obstructs the passage of sperm through the cervix
Artificial Insemination With Partner’s Sperm
Human albumin (a blood derivative) will be used to prepare sperm. Although very rare, there is nevertheless a risk of an allergic reaction to albumin. At any time, the partner can withdraw his consent to the use of his sperm. The notification of this withdrawal of consent must be received before any of the uses covered by this withdrawal.
Artificial Insemination With Donor Sperm (Iad)
Artificial intrauterine insemination with sperm of the partner (IAC) consists of injecting “prepared” sperm into the uterine cavity, on the day of ovulation. The stimulation of the ovaries will help control and improve ovulation. The sperm is prepared in the laboratory (to reproduce the action of the cervical mucus) and the “selected” spermatozoa are injected into the uterus. This technique makes it possible to short-circuit the cervical mucus (cervical sterility) and to bring the spermatozoa closer to the oocytes (male sterility, unexplained sterility).
- Intrauterine insemination itself is not associated with an increased risk of multiple pregnancy – twins, triplets or more. However, when coordinated with ovulation-inducing medications, the risk of multiple pregnancy occurring increases significantly. A multiple pregnancy has greater risks than a simple pregnancy, such as preterm labor and low birth weight.
When is IUI used?
Intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination could be done if:
- Idiopathic sterility – The tests have not indicated any cause for a couple’s sterility (sterility of unknown origin).
- infertility or subfertility- A man releases semen and sperm into the urinary bladder instead of releasing them out of the penis (retrograde ejaculation). Sperm are collected, washed and used for insemination.
- Male factor infertility – A man does not have sperm, has a small amount of sperm or they are of poor quality. In this case, your doctor may recommend that you try intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI.
- Cervical problems – There is a problem in a woman’s cervix, such as previous surgery, which prevents sperm from passing through it.
- Sperm of a donor – For women who need to use sperm from a donor to get pregnant, intrauterine insemination is the most frequently used procedure to achieve pregnancy. Frozen sperm specimens from a donor are obtained from certified laboratories and thawed before the intrauterine insemination procedure.
- Infertility without apparent cause – The IUI is often performed as an initial treatment for unexplained infertility with ovulation-inducing drugs.
- Infertility of ovulatory factor – The IUI can also be performed in women with infertility caused by problems with ovulation, such as an absence of ovulation or a small number of eggs.
- Allergy to semen – Rarely, a woman could have a protein allergy to the partner’s semen. Ejaculation in the vagina causes redness, burning and swelling when semen comes in contact with the skin. A condom can protect you from symptoms, but it also prevents pregnancy. If your sensitivity is severe, intrauterine insemination can be effective, since many of the semen proteins are removed before sperm are inserted.
IUI Success Rates
The success of the treatment is strongly influenced by the age of a woman (the aging of the egg supply decreases the pregnancy rate and the risk of spontaneous abortion increases with age). For couples with the sterility of unknown origin, intrauterine insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy when combined with superovulation treatment.
The success rate of IUI/Artificial insemination depends on the woman’s age, the age of the spouse/donor, her fertility, sperm quality, or whether fertility medications are used (i.e., ovulation induction). Artificial insemination should be done during the most fertile period of the cycle, just before and during ovulation. Fertility medications can be used to increase ovulation and thus improve the chances of pregnancy. IUI and home insemination can be performed using sperm from the male partner or the donor.
In general, the success rates of artificial insemination are lower than those of in vitro fertilization (IVF). The success rates of IUI after one cycle are as follows:
- Women under 35 have a 10-20 percent chance of becoming pregnant.
- Women between 35 and 40 have a 10 percent chance.
- Women over 40 have a 2-5 percent chance.
If you are over 35 years old, in vitro fertilization could be a better solution, depending on your fertility.
As for the success rates of home insemination, there are currently no national statistics available. Success rates depend on the age of the recipient and the donor, as well as the technique used, whether the insemination is done using the Turkey Baster Method, with a cervical cap or using fresh or frozen sperm, etc.
If the man does not have sperm, has few or is of poor quality, intrauterine insemination can slightly improve the chances (up to 10%) of the woman getting pregnant.
What can I expect during intrauterine insemination?
Before intrauterine insemination, you may take fertility medications that help the ovules to mature and prepare to be fertilized. Our fertility doctors will do the insemination procedure during ovulation (when the ovaries release an egg). Sometimes, they may give you hormones that activate ovulation. They will determine exactly when you are ovulating and prepared for the procedure to make the most of your chances of achieving pregnancy. Your partner or donor collects the semen sample at home or at the doctor’s office.
The sperm is prepared for insemination by a process called “sperm washing”, in which a concentrated amount of healthy sperm is extracted. Sperm washing also removes chemicals in the semen that can cause reactions in the uterus and make it harder for you to get pregnant. If you use sperm from a sperm bank donor, these institutions usually send the sperm to the doctor’s office that is previously “washed” and ready for insemination. During the intrauterine insemination procedure, the doctor slides a thin, flexible tube into the uterus through the cervix.
Use a small syringe to insert sperm through the tube directly into the uterus. Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilizes an egg, and the fertilized egg is implanted in the lining of the uterus. The insemination procedure is done in the doctor’s office or in a fertility clinic, and it only takes between 5 and 10 minutes.
It is very fast and you don’t need anesthesia. Intrauterine insemination is generally not painful, but in some cases, mild cramping occurs.
What to expect after IUI treatment?
This technique is implemented on an outpatient basis and only requires a short recovery period. You may experience cramping during the procedure, especially if the sperm is inserted into the uterus. They may advise you to avoid strenuous activities for the rest of the day.
Take the next step
If you think that artificial insemination procedures can help you conceive, the next step is to contact the team of trained fertility specialists in Newport Beach. Let Eden Fertility Centers help you find a qualified fertility specialist near you in Orange County CA, who can explain the process of artificial insemination, including the side effects of intrauterine or intracervical insemination and any other risks you should consider before undergoing artificial insemination.
You can first browse the different sections of this site to learn more about our approach, procedures, and services. Then, if you have any questions, feel free to get in touch with us through email or phone.